Cyber Security and It’s Types,Benefits and Importance

cyber security

Cyber security is a practice of protecting critical systems and sensitive information from digital attacks. Also known as information technology (IT) security, cybersecurity measures are designed to combat threats against networked systems and applications, whether they originate from inside or outside an organization.

In the year 2020, the overall cost of a data opening was 3.86 million dollars worldwide, and 8.64 million dollars in the United States. These cost include the expenses of discovering and responding to the breach, the cost of downtime and lost revenue, and the long-term reputational damage to a business and its brand. Cybercriminals target customers’ personally identifiable information (PII) — names, addresses, national identification numbers and credit card information and then sell these records in underground digital markets. Cooperated PII often leads to a loss of customer trust, the imposition of regulatory fines, and even legal action.

Different Types of Cyber Security

In every organization’s assets are the mixtures of a variety of different systems. These systems have a strong cybersecurity position that requires corresponding efforts across all of its systems. Therefore, we can categorize cybersecurity in the following types:

Network Security

network security

It involves implementing the hardware and software to secure a computer network from unauthorized access, intruders, attacks, disruption, and misuse. This security helps an organization to protect its assets against external and internal threats.

Mobile Security

It involves securing the organizational and personal data stored on mobile devices such as cell phones, computers, tablets, and other similar devices against various malicious threats. These threats are unauthorized access, device loss or theft, malware, etc.

Information or Data Security

It involves implementing a strong data storage mechanism to maintain the integrity and privacy of data, both in storage and in transit.

User Education

It deals with the process, monitoring, alerts, and plans to how an organization responds when any malicious activity is causing the loss of operations or data. Its policies dictate resuming the lost operations after any disaster happens to the same operating capacity as before the event.

Operational Security

It involves processing and making decisions on handling and securing data assets.

Benefits of cyber security

By implementing security resolutions, businesses and individuals can protect themselves and others against the full range of cyber security threats which are sketched below.With the help of cyber security, companies have peace of mind that unauthorized access to their network or data is protected. Both end users, organizations and their employees benefit. It isn’t just detection that cybersecurity strengthens, it’s also mitigation and response. Should an attacker utilizing advanced techniques be successful the recovery process is far quicker. In addition, companies will often notice that customers and developers are more confident in products that have strong cyber security solutions in place.

Types of Cyber Security Threats


Malware is malicious software such as spyware, ransomware, viruses and worms. And Malware is activated when a user clicks on a malicious link or attachment, which leads to installing dangerous software.


Phishing attack use fake communication, such as an email, to trick the receiver into opening it and carrying out the directions inside, such as providing a credit card number.The objective is to steal sensitive data such as credit card and login information or to installation of malware on the victim’s machine.

Password Attacks

With the correct password, a cyber enemy has access to a wealth of information. Social engineering is a kind of password attack that Data Insider defines as “a strategy cyber enemies use that trusts heavily on human communication and often includes tricking people into breaking standard security practices.” Other types of password attacks which includes an accessing of password database or outright guessing.

Importance of Cyber Security

The reputation of cyber security came down to the want and requirement to keep information, data, and devices secure. Now-a-days the world, people store massive sizes of data on computers, servers and other connected devices. Much of this is sensitive, like Personally Identifiable Information (PII) including passwords or financial data.

In the case of public services or governmental organizations, cyber security helps ensure that the community can continue to rely on their services. For example, if a cyber attack targeted the energy industry, a power plant for example, it could cause a city-wide blackout. If it targeted a bank, it could steal from hundreds of thousands of people.

What do you think?

Written by Muzammil Khan

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